Wolves have always been noted for their intelligence. Native Americans have observed the problem solving strategies of the wolf. The symbol of the wolf in Native American cultures represents direction and leadership, strength, endurance, instinct linked to intelligence, and family values.
Wolves are often seen following ravens. Why? Ravens can see farther and are carrion animals, that is they feed on dead animals. They circle the weak or injured animal waiting for their opportunity. Wolves on the other hand, are strong enough to kill but focus their efforts tracking and hunting then culling the weak, injured or dying . Why? The wolves are less likely to be injured and potentially killed if they hunt the weak. It is not uncommon to find wolves and ravens paired up as the raven indicates it has found potential prey so the wolf does not have to spend the time searching. Understanding other species while appreciating the advantages of teaming up or potential prey indicates problem solving, one aspect of intelligence.
Wolves also have strategies for their hunts. Often wolves will hunt in packs, coordinating their activities to achieve a goal. This requires communication and coordination of actions necessary to achieve a goal, both indicators of intelligence. They may scatter their prey searching for weakness or singling out the small or injured. They will frequently wait and watch for an opportune time to strike, minimizing danger to themselves and maximizing the potential for a successful kill. They may assess a situation and determine that it is too dangerous for them to pursue the prey. In those cases, they will give up the hunt. Decision making based upon data is a classic indicator of intelligence.
This wolf seems to be questioning, weighing options and deciding what her next move might be. "Intelligence" 8"x10" Acrylic on board.
The debate over whether colored pencil art should be called a drawing or painting has been going on since pencils were first used as a modern art medium. I believe the answer lies somewhere in the middle.
A drawing is defined as the use of line to depict an idea, plan, figure, etc. Some definitions include the limitation that a drawing is usually monochrome where color is unimportant. In this sense, colored pencil art may or may not be considered a drawing.
A painting is loosely defined as applying paint to a surface - either in a utilitarian or artistic manner. Other sources expand that definition to include applying pigment to a surface. In the first definition, colored pencil art is not painting, but in the second, colored pencil art is painting.
What I think...
In my mind what you call the art isn't as important as the way you feel when you look at it. No matter how the work is presented, if you, the viewer, don't feel something when you look at it, it won't matter whether it's considered a painting or a drawing.
In every piece of art I create, that feeling is what I'm aiming for. I use colored pencils as well as pastels in my work. Each medium has pros and cons. My goal is for you to relate to the drawing or painting in some way. My hope is that you will be compelled to look at the work a little closer to get a better view. When you want to reach out and touch one of my paintings, it makes all the time spent creating the work worthwhile.
Have you ever seen a mural size painting done in colored pencil? No? There is a good reason for that.
Colored pencil art is composed of many, many small lines or tiny circles laid down onto paper. To achieve depth, many layers are added, again using the small lines or overlapping circles. This makes a colored pencil drawing very time consuming. Especially when the size of a pencil point is 0.2 mm when it's properly sharpened.
Imagine drawing all those lines on a large 24" x 36" sheet of paper! Of course a drawing of this size can be done, but the hours and hours of time it would take are most likely prohibitive. An 8" x 10 inch drawing is much more manageable. It's also true that the longer a drawing is being worked on, the greater chance something unfortunate will happen to it. Even a small tear or fold in the surface of the paper can ruin the drawing and the hours it took to create it.
I enjoy working in colored pencil, and I'm fond of using a sueded pastel paper for those drawings like the barn owl drawing above. the surface of the paper itself makes the background look very rich without having to use the pencils for the entire thing.
I have also done commissioned artwork using colored pencils. The detail I can get with this medium is wonderful for getting just the right likeness of treasured family pets.
I find using colored pencils to be very rewarding even with the time factor involved. There is something almost hypnotic about the scritch-scratching sound and feeling of a newly sharpened pencil against paper. As much as I love using pastels, I believe I'll keep my pencils around for a while longer.
As a wildlife and children’s portrait artist, Sandy Brooks uses pencils and pastels to capture through art her awe for the untouched and untainted in today’s pressurized world. Her works express the innocent emotions of animals and children who explore the world as one with unlimited possibilities, unaware of the barriers that hold us back from our own happiness. Whether her subjects are humorous or striking or dramatic, the end result is always intimate and inspiring.